- September 24, 2018
- Posted by: developer
- Category: MEACA News
The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organization of the Republics of Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania and Southern Sudan with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The Vision of the EAC is “A prosperous, competitive, secure, stable and politically united East Africa”. The Mission is to widen and deepen economic, political, social and cultural integration in order to improve the quality of life of the people of East Africa through increased competitiveness, value added production, trade and investments.
The EAC integration is to be realized in an incremental progression through the stages of a Customs Union; Common Market; Monetary Union; and ultimately a Political Federation of the East African States. The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community was signed on 30th November 1999 and became operational on 7th July 2000. Since the commencement of the EAC, the Partner States have established: 1) the Customs Union in 2005, which has led to easier movement of goods within the EAC region; 2) the Common Market in 2010, which has resulted in easier movement of workers, people, services and capital within the EAC region, and 3) the Monetary Union in 2013, (which upon full implementation within a period of 10 years) will result in, among others a single/common currency thereby facilitating easier movement of goods, workers, people, capital and services. The ultimate and the last stage of EAC integration is the Political Federation, institutional and capacity development to lay its foundation are going on with the drafting of a Political Confederation in course.
The EAC Common Market Protocol Article 5 provides for acceleration of social economic growth and development of Partner States by facilitating free movement of persons and labour
through the adoption of common polices. However, with increased liberalisation and opening up of borders, there is also need to harmonise and strengthen immigration systems, controls, border protection and public security against cross-border crimes especially trafficking of persons and migrant smuggling. Most times, young people have fallen victims of migrant smuggling in a bid to look for better lives across the borders. It is worth noting that weak systems and corruption hinders national and international efforts to prevent and control transnational and cross border crimes given the high revenue accrued by the traffickers and the appeal among the young people who have expectations of job opportunities and a better life abroad.